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2004

The incidence of cystic ovarian dysfunction within a lactation has been estimated to range between 6 and 23%. Accurate diagnosis of cystic ovarian disease has been a major challenge to veterinarians.

On most dairies spent hoof baths are dumped into the manure pit or lagoon so the copper ultimately gets spread on production ground with the manure. Recently there have been several reports in the dairy press regarding copper accumulation in soils from this practice.

Designing outdoor areas for cattle is not an exact science.

"Managing Hispanic Workers: Perceptions of Agricultural Managers" is a collection of ideas and best practices from nearly 200 practicing agricultural and horticultural managers, educators, and other professionals.

Since the state DBQA roll-out in September 2003 the Veterinary Science Department at Penn State and Pennsylvania Beef Council have teamed up to produce a dairy beef quality assurance awareness video. The video explains the importance of DBQA, the certification process and the benefits of quality assurance.

Don't assume that your employees are as aware of dangers in your workplace as you are.

Subclinical, or chronic, ruminal acidosis is best described as a syndrome related to a fermentative disorder of the rumen.

There is need for building more "clocks" - dairies where management and business succession go hand in hand with the transfer of assets and land.

A systematic comparison of the benefits of robotic milking systems and new traditional milking systems.

Anaerobic digesters for manure are not new, although in recent years there is a better understanding of the proper operation and maintenance of digesters for higher levels of efficiency.

The Dairy Production Skills Certificate is an introductory level certificate aimed at current dairy production workers and producers who want to learn new strategies and technologies, recent high school graduates who are seeking careers in the dairy industry; and new dairy employees who need training to become productive members of the farm team. It is specifically designed for current and beginning dairy workers.

The first-ever Pennsylvania Dairy Summit will be held Wednesday and Thursday, February 9-10, 2005. The event, a joint effort of the Pennsylvania Dairy Stakeholders, Professional Dairy Managers of Pennsylvania and Pennsylvania Dairy Task Force, will be held at the Radisson Harris Hotel and Convention Center in Camp Hill.

Strategies that increase feeding time during this critical period may be useful in increasing DMI.

Many programmed breeding programs have been introduced to synchronize estrus and ovulation and minimize time spent for heat detection.

Every employer in Pennsylvania is required to have a place where posters with information about labor laws and programs can be easily viewed and read by employees. Employers who do not post this information could be fined.